Blue Poison Dart Frog

Blue Poison Dart Frog

Dendrobates tinctorius (formerly Dendrobates azureus)

DID YOU KNOW?

This colorful frog was not discovered
by scientists until 1968.

Exhibit Name and Location:
Baltimore - Upland Tropical Rain Forest

Add to Trip Planner

Blue Poison Dart Frog Blue Poison Dart Frog Blue Poison Dart Frog Blue Poison Dart Frog

Blue Poison Dart Frog

These little frogs are easily recognized by their blue color, which is generally darker on the limbs and belly and overlaid with black spots or patches, especially on the head and back.

As their name implies, poison dart frogs can release toxins from the skin that are distasteful and potentially lethal to would-be predators.

Blue poison dart frogs are active during the day and can be found hiding among boulders and debris near streams and among leaf litter on the forest floor; however, they lack toe webbing and are poor swimmers, so they are not found in the water.

The blue poison dart frog lays small clutches of five to six eggs. After hatching, the parents transfer tadpoles to individual pools of water, where they finish development. At the Aquarium we replicate this by raising tadpoles in small individual containers of water.


Blue Poison Dart Frog Facts

Diet

A constant forager, this frog is always searching for mites, termites, tiny beetles, and any other small insect it may find among the leaf litter.

Size

An adult frog has a body about 2 inches long and weighs about 0.3 ounce.

Range

These frogs are found in a few isolated “rain forest islands” in the Sipaliwini savanna of southern Suriname.

This area was probably covered by rain forest habitat in the distant past—until the last ice age. The rain forests have since given way to dry grassland in all but a few areas where surface ground water was sufficient to sustain the original vegetation. The blue poison dart frog lives in a few isolated patches of relic rain forest habitat.

Population Status

The habitat is remote and difficult to reach, so accurate population monitoring is a challenge. Regardless of numbers, this species is highly vulnerable to both human activities and natural factors such as drought due to its extremely small range and isolated populations.

Predators

Adult dart frogs have few predators, but the tadpoles, which contain no toxins, often fall prey to other amphibians, reptiles, and predatory invertebrates.

Back to the Top

Ken Howell
Curator of Rainforest Exhibits

pressroom striped fish

As the Curator of Rainforest Exhibits, Ken starts his day early with an exhibit walkthrough to make sure everything is running smoothly. Learn More

A Note From the Caretaker

Blue poison dart frogs generally live about 10–15 years. At the Aquarium, we had one live to be 23!

 

Receive our Newsletter

You'll find:

  • animal updates
  • latest news
  • special offers