The National Aquarium and its Animal Care and Rescue Center will be closed through April 26 in response to COVID-19 (Coronavirus). CLICK HERE for more information.

Happy World Wetlands Day!

To celebrate World Wetlands Day, learn about how wetlands benefit our ecosystem!

Published February 02, 2018

Wetlands are areas of land where water covers the soil, providing habitat to both land and marine animals. Wetlands are located all over the world, in every continent except for Antarctica. The two types of wetlands are tidal, which are located along the coast, and non-tidal, which are located inland. Depending on the amount and quality of water within the area, certain wetlands are seasonal, while others exist throughout the year.

Floating wetland in Baltimore's Inner Harbor

A variety of animals, ranging from fishes to reptiles to mammals, are attracted to wetlands, which can be the only location where predators can find food in certain areas. Wetlands also provide a variety of nutrients that are crucial for the development of organisms and for the cleanliness of the water. Carbon is stored within wetland soil, which prevents carbon dioxide from being released into the air and helps climate control.  

Wetlands also provide benefits to humans. Water quality is improved by the nutrients released by wetlands, which improves the water we drink and swim in. Wetlands also help combat natural disasters by providing erosion control and flood protection. The vegetation in wetlands traps flood water and any runoff that would typically lead to flooding or erosion. 

The National Aquarium recently installed a floating wetland prototype in the Inner Harbor as part of our Waterfront Campus project. With this project, we’re providing a home for native marine life in the Inner Harbor, including oysters, blue crabs, rockfish and various species of reptiles and sea birds. Our floating wetlands will also help improve the water quality of the Inner Harbor and encourage both residents and visitors to see the importance of wetlands firsthand!

Learn more about the future of our Waterfront Campus!

Previous Post

Featured Stories

Calypso header Remembering Calypso

We’re looking back at Calypso’s incredible life and reflecting on the many ways she impacted the lives of those who knew her best.

Read the full story

octo header No Hands? No Problem: Tool Use Among Aquatic Animals

Aquatic animals are resourceful—just like humans, when they can’t solve a problem, they can look to the world around them ... and fashion tools!  

Read the full story

Related Stories

Happy World Wetlands Day!

Published February 02, 2017

A Blue View: Floating Forests

Published April 16, 2014