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Animal Update: Seahorses

Six female seahorses were recently added to our Adapting gallery in Surviving Through Adaptation!

Published June 20, 2018

Seahorses are found in shallow waters in seagrass beds throughout the world. These fish typically grow to be between 2 and 4 inches, with some reaching as much as 6 inches; their small size allows them to easily fit into tight crevices in coral reefs, where they search for food and seek protection.

Seahorse in the Adapting gallery

Seahorses are one of the only fish that are monogamous, meaning they stay with one partner for their entire lifespan. They even have their very own courtship dance! When the male is pregnant—yes, you read that correctly!—he fertilizes the unhatched eggs and carries them in his brood pouch. The male seahorse can give birth to anywhere from five to 2,500 seahorses at a time!

Males and females are usually similar in color, yellow with brown and black spots, which allows them to blend in with their natural environments. Their camouflage abilities and their bony bodies prevent them from attracting many predators.

Its distinct, long snout may be toothless, but that does not stop it from catching prey! The seahorse uses its snout to suck up prey, including larval shrimp and amphipods, as it floats around the ocean.

Stay tuned for more updates!

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